- A moisture barrier.
- The particleboard core.
- The image layer (i.e., the photograph of wood so that the flooring can simulate the look of wood).
- A wear layer (transparent layer to protect everything else).
IKEA Flooring - Laminate, Veneered, or What?In IKEA's product literature they say, as a key benefit of their flooring: "Footsteps make considerably less sound on a wooden floor than on a laminated floor." This would lead you to believe that applicable IKEA floors are wood or at least mostly wood.
I would say that IKEA floors (Balk, Kvist, and Lakt - sorry, I'm not even going to attempt to reproduce the umlauts in those names!) still fit in the laminate flooring category. Except for layer #3, the image layer, they have a thin veneer of real wood--birch, oak, or bamboo.
A veneer is hardly enough to damp footsteps and qualify as real wood, by any stretch of the imagination. Other IKEA floor lines are authentic laminate floors--Slatten and Tundra, for example--with that image layer instead of wood.
IKEA and Pergo Flooring - Same Thing?IKEA is Swedish; Pergo (Perstorp Industries) is Swedish. It would be bizarre if Pergo did not manufacture laminate flooring for IKEA. Pergo is a legitimate, respected maker of flooring. In fact, Pergo is often credited with having "invented" laminate floor.
I do know that Pergo makes the Tundra line for IKEA, though I cannot confirm the other lines.